WHAT IS HYDROGEN ?

Hydrogen is the lightest element and has the smallest atomic size .Hydrogen is not found naturally in its elemental form on Earth but is abundant in compounds such as water, hydrocarbons, and other organic.

Hydrogen has the potential to store and transport large amounts of energy. It is considered a clean energy source as it only produces water when used. Its versatility makes it suitable for various applications, including mobility and heavy industries, in the transition towards a low-carbon future.

The development of clean hydrogen production methods is crucial for its widespread adoption as a clean energy source.

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Hydrogen

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Hydrogen

Hydrogen production methods

Steam Methane Reforming (SMR): This is the most common method of hydrogen production, where natural gas (methane) is combined with steam at high temperatures (700-1100°C) to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide.

Electrolysis: Electrolysis involves splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electric current. This method can be powered by renewable energy sources, such as wind or solar power, to produce clean hydrogen.

Coal Gasification: This method involves converting coal into a gas mixture, which includes hydrogen, and then separating the hydrogen from the other gases.

Biomass Gasification: This method involves the conversion of organic matter, such as wood or agricultural waste, into a gas mixture that includes hydrogen.

Partial Oxidation: This method involves partially oxidizing a hydrocarbon fuel, such as natural gas, to produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The carbon monoxide is then converted into hydrogen in a separate process.

Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting: This is an emerging method of hydrogen production that uses solar energy to split water into hydrogen and oxygen through the use of specially designed photoelectrodes.

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Hydrogen production methods

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Hydrogen production methods